There are many types of chondromalacia treatment, including simple home remedies like icing, stretches, and lifestyle changes. If these options aren’t successful then you may need professional treatment from a physical therapist or surgeon. Keep reading to learn more ways to treat chondromalacia.
If you have chondromalacia knee pain then the first place to start for treatment is at home. The knee joint is irritated and inflamed from overuse and the wear and tear of everyday movement, but thankfully self-care measures can be enough to manage the symptoms of chondromalacia patella.
One of the most important treatments for chondromalacia patella is regular exercise and stretching. Strengthening your thigh muscles like your quadriceps and hamstrings will help protect you from further injury. Stretching prevents tight muscles and knots from developing. When you exercise avoid high impact activities that can place stress on your knee joint and try low impact workouts like swimming and biking.
Icing is another conservative treatment for chondromalacia. Place an ice pack on your knee before exercise, after, or anytime you experience knee pain. Ice numbs pain by interrupting the pain signal and causes the blood vessels within the area to constrict which reduces swelling. Use an ice pack or submerse your knee in a cold bath. Aim to ice your knee in 20-minute intervals and never sleep with an ice pack on your skin.
Supporting your knee with shoe inserts or tape is a noninvasive way to help manage your symptoms. Support options typically don’t help resolve knee pain but can make it more tolerable until you fully recover.
Shoe inserts or orthotics can help correct conditions like flat feet or overpronation. When the foot is out of alignment it can affect the joints throughout your lower body, including your knee. If you are uncertain about which type of orthotics you need check out our guide or have a physical therapist or podiatrist evaluate your feet and gait to give you their professional opinion.
Knee injuries like chondromalacia are good candidates for taping. Athletic tape can help correct knee alignment by keeping the kneecap tracking in the right space. Another option is kinesiology tape. This type of tape is less supportive than athletic tape but helps increase body awareness and is worn for multiple days at a time.
The right footwear will make a huge difference in the support of your feet. If you are a runner, go to a specialty running store to get fitted for the correct shoes. Avoid wearing shoes that have little or no arch support like flip flops and replace worn shoes regularly. The health and alignment of your feet have a real impact on your knee alignment and more.
Pain medications can help you find pain relief while your knee heals. There are multiple options that are over-the-counter and easily accessible. Check them out below.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling. These medications can be found at most pharmacies and are not expensive. While over-the-counter drugs are generally considered safe for most people, talk to your health care provider or pharmacist before you start a new medication to prevent any unintended side effects.
Pain cream can provide temporary localized pain relief to your knee. These creams numb the surface of your skin and allow you to keep moving with less pain until your knee fully heals. There are multiple brands and types on the market, look for one that isn’t greasy and works for joint pain.
Chondromalacia is caused by the degeneration of cartilage on the undersurface of the kneecap. People who are overweight, athletes, young adults, teenagers, and women are at higher risk. While some of these risk factors you can’t change, there are a couple you can.
One of the first ways to reduce the likelihood of knee injury is to lose weight. If you carry excess weight you are placing added stress and strain on your knees and other joints. Losing weight is hard and takes long term dedication. Work with your doctor to help set reasonable goals and to get support.
Anyone who exercises often, like runners, is more prone to chondromalacia. If you perform the same physical activity over and over again then you need to change it up to help reduce the strain on your knees. Try biking instead of running and modify your movements to lessen the risk of a knee injury.
Sometimes you just can’t treat chondromalacia on your own. When the pain is too severe or has lasted too long it’s time to talk to your doctor or physical therapist. Here is a guide to professional treatment for chondromalacia patellae.
A physical therapist is professionally trained to evaluate and treat injuries to the bones and muscles. They will guide you through a thorough evaluation then determine a treatment plan for your specific injury. Often times treatment will consist of stretching and exercise. Treatment is done within the physical therapy office and then you continue the suggested treatment plan in the comfort of your own home.
Surgical treatment is typically reserved for the most severe cases of chondromalacia. If other measures haven’t been successful then your doctor will refer you to an orthopedic surgeon who will evaluate you for a surgical procedure. Below we cover the different types of surgery that someone may encounter with chondromalacia.
Arthroscopy refers to using a tiny camera place within the joint to see exactly how the joint is injured. If the surgeon sees cartilage damage behind the kneecap that is creating a rough surface then the surgeon can use tools to smooth the surface, this is also called shaving the patella. This surgical procedure will reduce the knee pain associated with chondromalacia.
If your chondromalacia is caused by misalignment then your surgeon may recommend a lateral release. During the surgery, the lateral ligaments are cut which allows the kneecap to move back to the center of the femoral groove. This also alleviates any pressure on the articular cartilage behind the kneecap.
If the kneecap is severely misaligned then a bony realignment might be necessary. During this procedure, the bony attachment of the patellar tendon is moved to a new area on the tibia. This changes how the tendon pulls the kneecap through the femoral groove. This moves the kneecap more to the medial (inside) side of the knee. Ultimately, the kneecap will then track better through the femoral groove.
Prevention is really the best medicine. Chondromalacia is a painful condition, it’s best to take the right measures now to avoid it. Overall, to prevent chondromalacia you need to prevent knee injuries and overuse of your knee joints. Here are our best practical tips to make that happen:
Chondromalacia is caused by the wearing down of the cartilage behind the kneecap. It can cause pain and other symptoms that hinder your ability to participate in activities. Treatment usually starts with simple remedies like ice, stretching, and supportive devices. When those are not enough then you will need medical intervention from a physical therapist or surgeon to help correct the injury.
Sources:SHOP Chondromalacia PAIN
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