Orders ship same day if placed before 4pm EST M-F

The Best Stretches & Sports Hernia Exercises

by Jaydee Vykoukal, PT, DPT March 15, 2021 0 Comments

Man Exercise for Hernia

If a sports hernia is not properly addressed, it can also lead to a protrusion, causing an inguinal hernia or even abdominal hernia. A balanced exercise program is essential for the recovery process. Keep reading to learn more about sports hernia exercises.

Also known as athletic pubalgia, it is a bit of a misnomer since it is different from the other types of hernias. Rather than a protrusion of tissue, such as with an inguinal (groin) hernia, it simply implies that there are muscle tears in the lower abdomen or groin secondary to overexertion. This is most common in athletes but can happen with daily activities too.

Safe Stretches & Exercises for Sports Hernia

A combination of stretching and strengthening will restore coordination of the entire core to treat, manage, and prevent future injuries in the groin or abdominal wall.

Not sure which type of hernia you have? See Our Full Overview of Hernias Here

Stretches

Stretching the affected muscles around the core that may be tight and imbalanced can give some much needed groin pain relief. The focus will be on stretching the sore groin and other larger muscle groups in the hip to boost local flexibility and range of motion.

Butterfly Stretch

You can use your hands or a stretch strap for this one.  The focus is on the commonly sore inner thigh muscles, or hip adductors. The stretch strap is best if you can’t reach your feet comfortably or you want to deepen the stretch.

  • Start by sitting on the floor
  • Place the bottoms of your feet together with the hips rotated outward and knees pointing away from each other - how high your knees are off the ground will depend on your general flexibility
  • Next, bring the heels closer to your butt, as far as is comfortable, until a stretch is felt in the inner thighs
  • For a deeper stretch, bring the knees closer toward the floor by using your elbows for overpressure
  • Hold for 30+ seconds for 2-3 sets total

Kneeling Hip Flexor Stretch

Tight hip flexors, the large muscle groups that cross the front of the hip and pelvis, can throw the entire core out of balance. A gentle hip flexor stretch can be powerful for relief and recovery.

  • Start by long kneeling on the floor with both legs
  • Bring the foot opposite of the hip you want to stretch forward and place it flat on the ground in front of you - with the hip and knee both at approximately 90 degrees of bend
  • Make sure the knee on the ground is directly under the hip to start
  • Next, think about sending your hips forward (as you shift your weight forward) until you feel a stretch along the entire front of the hip
  • You can try a cushion under the knee for comfort too
  • Don’t forget to keep the hips square throughout to prevent rotation of the spine
  • Hold for 30+ seconds for 2-3 sets on each leg
  • To intensify the stretch, you can shift deeper or add a gentle side bend toward the knee that is in front

Alternatively, you can also try this stretch in standing if kneeling is not tolerable.

Standing Quad Stretch

This simple stretch is also a great addition to your stretching routine. The quads are notoriously tight with groin pain and can even exacerbate the issue.

  • Stand in a comfortable position with the feet hip width apart
  • Use a chair or wall for balance as needed 
  • Lift one foot off the ground and bend the knee so that you can grab the top of your ankle with the hand on the same side
  • Once you have secured your ankle, gently bring the heel closer to the butt with the guidance of your hand
  • Pull until you feel a gentle stretch in the front of the thigh
  • Keep the knee under the hips or slightly behind- if it is possible without arching the back
  • Do not let your hips hike to one side or low back arch during this stretch
  • Hold for 30+ seconds for 2-3 sets on each leg

Hamstring Stretch

Hamstring tension can play a large role in groin pain because of the influence it has on the pelvis. Grab a stretch strap, towel, or belt for this stretch to get started.

  • Lie on your back and wrap your stretching tool around the mid foot of the leg you want to stretch
  • With a straight knee, bring your entire leg up toward your chest 
  • Continue pulling until you feel a stretch in the back of the leg and hold
  • Focus on staying relaxed and hold for 30+ seconds for 2-3 sets on each leg

Strength

Addressing the strength of the core muscles is a key factor in recovering from and preventing continued issues with a sports hernia in the future. Plus, there are so many great benefits to core strengthening for improving your endurance, coordination, and quality of life. All these exercises address sustainable core strength.

Finding Your “Core”

Before getting started with any type of core routine, you need to learn to properly activate your lower core muscles, also known as the transverse abdominis. A sports hernia is often secondary to poor core stability - so going back to the basics can be very beneficial. Starting here will prevent any future core muscle injuries as well.

  • Start by lying on your back with the knees bent, feet flat on the floor, and hands just inside your hip bones for monitoring
  • Then, tighten your abs as you bring your belly button toward your spine 
  • If you’re having trouble finding these muscles, imagine someone is about to punch you or forcefully blow your air out to feel your muscles tighten
  • If you’re struggling with finding these muscles, you can start by simply tightening and holding for 3-5 seconds for 10 reps at a time, don’t forget to breathe!
  • When you’re ready, and comfortable, you can progress to the other core exercises in this program

Double Leg Toe Taps

This basic exercise can be difficult if you are dealing with groin pain or a weak core, which is common with a sports hernia. Make sure you understand how to master tightening your core before starting this one.

  • Lie on your back with the abs tight
  • Bring both knees up toward the sky while keeping your back relatively flat - a slight arch is okay for the lumbar spine but nothing more
  • Then, bring both your feet back down to touch the floor
  • Your back should stay stable and flat against the floor with minimal wobbling
  • Repeat for 10-15 repetitions for 2-3 sets
  • If this move is too hard - simply modify to one leg at a time

Clam Shells

Groin pain related to a sports hernia can also be caused by an underlying imbalance in the hip rotators - particularly the external rotators. One of the larger muscle groups associated with hip rotation is the gluteus medius. This exercise will give the side of your butt and hip a great burn for restoring better balance in relation to the inner hip.

  • Lie on your side, with the hip you want to work facing up
  • Make sure the hips, legs, shoulders, and feet are all stacked directly on top of each other
  • Have the knees and hips bent so that the knees are in front of the body and the feet are in line with the rest of the body
  • Finally, lift the top knee up toward the ceiling while keeping the feet together
  • Do not let the hip or trunk roll back - if it is, try to better control your core by keeping the lower abs tight or make the motion smaller
  • Repeat for 10-15 repetitions for 2-3 sets on each leg

Bird Dog

This classic exercise is great for training full body coordination while keeping the core activated. Plus, it works your hip muscles for an added benefit to your groin.

  • Start by getting on all fours with your hands directly under the shoulders
  • Push your hands “down” into the ground to activate the shoulders and keep them from sagging
  • Keep the abs tight and back relatively flat
  • Then, lift one leg and the opposite leg at the same time- extending them both as far as possible (arm forward and leg extended backwards)
  • Hold the end position for 1-2 seconds before slowly returning to the starting position and repeating
  • Make sure there is no rotation in the spine or arching of the low back throughout
  • Focus on one side at a time, repeat for 10-15 repetitions on each side for 2-3 sets
  • If this move is too hard to control- you can start with just the legs

Plank

A plank is always a great way to get the core, and pretty much the entire body, working all at once. This high level exercise should only be completed with good form and if it's pain free. You can start on your elbows and knees and then progress to your elbows and toes when you feel ready and in control.

  • Start by getting on your hands and knees
  • Place both your forearms on the ground with your elbows directly under the shoulders
  • Push the elbows into the ground to bring tension to the shoulders and mid-back 
  • Make sure the entire body is aligned- no bending at the hip (butt up) or excessive arching of the low back as you shift your weight to only your knees and forearms 
  • Keep your stomach tight and hold for 30+ seconds
  • Repeat for 2-3 sets total, increasing time as tolerated

Movements to Avoid

In general, high impact or other high exertion activities will be aggravating after the onset of a sports hernia. Additionally, any exercise that exerts too much force on the abdominal muscles can also be problematic. Any exercise that increases your symptoms should be avoided until adequate rest is allowed. If you are an athlete, this may mean taking a little more rest time than you’d like, but it will definitely help prevent future issues. Common aggravating movements include:

  • Running
  • Jumping
  • Kicking a ball
  • Flexion based ab exercises such as sit-ups and crunches
  • Heavy weight lifting
  • High impact sports such as baseball, football, skiing, rugby, and volleyball

How to Maximize Your Exercises

In addition to exercise, combining your recovery with other treatment options will help expedite your recovery and prevent onset of chronic groin pain. Other options to keep in mind include:

  • Soft tissue, muscle, and fascia massage - from the help of a massage therapist or self-massage with massage tools like a foam roller or muscle roller stick
  • Always start with a gentle warm up prior to exercise
  • Use pain modalities before or after your exercises as needed, such as ice, heat, and TENs to the groin area 
  • If you’re feeling unsure, you can always schedule a round of physical therapy for more personalized guidance - including a home exercise program, manual therapy, extensive education and more
  • Ensure that you are addressing the correct injury- there are several other types of hernias to be aware of with slightly different treatment options

Staying Safe During Recovery

Recovering from a sports hernia can be straightforward with the right rest time, exercise program, and understanding of the underlying issue. These stretching and strengthening exercises are a great place to start. Additionally, if your symptoms get worse or are not improving, make sure to get in touch with your doctor or physical therapist as soon as possible for further medical advice.

Sources:

https://www.mensjournal.com/health-fitness/sports-hernia-recovery/

https://www.sportshernia.com/sports-hernia-prevention-exercises/

https://athletesacceleration.com/strength-coachs-guide-preventing-sport-hernias/

Hernia Products

Pages:

Jaydee Vykoukal, PT, DPT
Jaydee Vykoukal, PT, DPT

JayDee Vykoukal is a Doctor of Physical Therapy, owner of the healthy habit platform Health Means Wealth, and freelance medical writer. She loves traveling and spending time with her family in nature. Her passion is helping others continue to participate in the activities they love through education and proper exercise.



Also in Resources

Choosing the Best Fitness Tracker
Choosing the Best Fitness Tracker

by Juan Lopez June 17, 2021 0 Comments

Trying to decide on the best fitness tracker watch to meet your health and activity needs? Whether you’re looking to track workouts, vitals, or both, Vive Health offers two great options equipped with all the important features you’ll need.
Read More
The Best Gifts for Men
The Best Gifts for Men

by Jessica Hegg June 13, 2021 0 Comments

Looking for new and creative gifts for men? Whether you’re looking for an anniversary, Father’s Day, Christmas, or birthday gift, whatever the occasion, this list is packed full of fresh gift ideas for him
Read More
Guide to Compression Therapy
Guide to Compression Therapy

by Jessica Hegg June 02, 2021 0 Comments

Compression therapy is a practice that involves the use of compression to encourage blood flow and reduce swelling. It is a non-invasive way to treat several conditions that cause poor circulation throughout your body.
Read More
Therapy Putty 101
Therapy Putty 101

by Jaydee Vykoukal, PT, DPT May 21, 2021 0 Comments

Therapy putty is a great rehabilitation tool for recovering from finger, hand, and wrist injuries. It is used by both physical therapists and occupational therapists alike as a favorite for treating a wide range of injuries.
Read More