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Your Knee Injury Overview

The knee is the biggest and most complex joint in the human body. Its ability to flex, extend, and twist slightly enables us to sit, walk, run, and jump. At the knee joint, the thigh bone (femur) in the upper leg meets the shinbone (tibia) in the lower leg. The calf bone (fibula) also connects at the knee. At the center of the knee is the kneecap, also known as the patella.

Each knee is comprised of cartilage to stop friction between the bones, along with several important ligaments to connect the bones to one another. These ligaments are the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL), and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).

Other notable structures include the hamstring tendons at the back of the knee and thigh, and several bursae—small fluid-filled sacs that allow the knee to move smoothly.

Common Knee Injuries & Causes of Pain

Due to its position and weight-bearing nature, the knee is prone to injury, pain, and wear and tear. Physical activities, car collisions, and everyday movements can damage the knee joint and its components.

Many knee injuries occur when the key ligaments tear or otherwise become damaged. The hamstring tendons are easily strained, while the kneecap can become dislocated due to trauma or other complications. The knee joint is also a common site of arthritis pain.

The most common knee injuries and causes of knee pain include:

woman lunging with knee support brace

Reducing and Preventing Knee Injuries

As knee injuries are so common, it’s essential to protect and support these complex joints whenever possible. By doing so, you may just save yourself from significant pain and reduced mobility.

There are many effective ways to stabilize the bones, ligaments, and tendons of the knee—from employing simple home strategies to using weight-bearing supports.

knee exercises with balance pad

Exercises, Stretches & Therapy for Knee Pain

Knee pain can hinder your movements and quality of life. To avoid these issues, consider using natural therapies. Many offer quick relief from pain, swelling, and redness.

Therapies for knee pain are often the first-line treatments for mild to moderate symptoms, and many can be combined with medications or surgery in more severe cases.

Regular physical activities can enhance the strength and flexibility of the knee joint and its components. Engaging in a program of daily stretching and strengthening movements brings fresh blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the knee to nourish and heal the joint’s tissues.

Whether you want to prevent injury or heal existing knee damage, consider adding exercises for knee pain to your daily routine. Check out some great ways to keep moving and reduce your knee pain below:

Shop Products for Knee Injuries

An extensive range of products exist to prevent or treat knee injuries. Whatever your goal, there is something out there to meet your needs.

Try braces, straps, and compression sleeves to stabilize the knee, enhance circulation, and prevent tears and strains. To take the weight off this load-bearing joint, choose from a range of walkers and canes. For knee pain and inflammation, achieve quick relief with TENS units, massage balls, ice packs, and soothing creams.

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